Idebenone protects hepatic microsomes against oxygen radical-mediated damage in organ preservation solutions.

Wieland E, Schutz E, Armstrong VW,
Kuthe F, Heller C, Oellerich M.

Abteilung Klinische Chemie,
Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, Germany.
Transplantation 1995 Sep 15;60(5):444-51

ABSTRACT

The ability of the benzoquinone coenzyme Q-10 or its derivative idebenone to protect against lipid peroxidation and protein damage mediated by the pro-oxidative system NADPH/ADP/Fe3+ was tested in a rat liver microsomal model incubated in University of Wisconsin (UW) or histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) solutions. Lipid peroxidation, as followed by direct determination of lipid hydroperoxides and by monitoring of malondialdehyde equivalents, was 1.8-fold enhanced in HTK and 3-fold attenuated in UW compared with HEPES buffer. Function and integrity of microsomal enzymes were investigated using glutathione S-transferase and cytochrome P-450 IIIA activity as assessed by lidocaine N-deethylation to monoethylglycinexylidide as well as by Western blot analysis of the cytochrome P-450 IIIA protein. Glutathione S-transferase activity was reduced by about 70% in HEPES compared with 50% in HTK and 36% in UW. Cytochrome P-450 IIIA was inactivated by about 75% in HEPES and HTK, compared with 55% in UW. The enzyme inactivation was paralleled by a loss of immunoreactive cytochrome P-450 IIIA protein. Supplementation of HTK with 0.1 mumol/L QSA-10 offered complete protection against lipid peroxidation, compared with 100 mumol/L with Q-10. QSA-10 (20 mumol/L) prevented protein damage in both preservation solutions, whereas Q-10 (20 mumol/L) offered only partial protection in UW and had no effect in HTK. The use of QSA-10 (idebenone) during liver transplantation may therefore have the potential of increasing the efficacy of organ preservation, maintaining donor organ quality, and preventing reperfusion injury. It is suitable for human use and has energy-conserving properties in addition to its antioxidant nature.